The theme is as follows:
Broadly speaking, there are three types of organization that can take climate action. They are governments (national and international), business and industry, and individuals and small group. All are important, all are needed and there is a lot of overlap between them. However, we have mainly relied on governments to take the lead. They have failed to do so.
Businesses — including the oil companies — are, however, providing effective leadership. That leadership, combined with technical innovation, may help us avert the worst of the climate crisis. Only time will tell. The hour is late; the hour is very late.